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Making homemade jam is a lovely pastime and the results are even lovelier – when it’s done right that is! When getting ready to make jam, one of the first things you need to know is how to sterilise jars. Sterilising jars properly will help keep bacteria out of your yummy jam so that it stays fresh for up to a year (or sometimes even longer!) so they’re all ready to pack on family picnics and give out as presents whenever the occasion arises.
Our Plenty Original kitchen towel is perfect to help speed up the process of sterilising jars properly. It’s 40% more absorbent, keeping your jam jars clean, sterilised and ready for storing your jam and preserves.
Pick your favourite of these three approaches to sterilising jars for jam making and you can swiftly move onto the fun part!
Why sterilising jam jars is essential
First things first, why do we need to know how to sterilise jars properly? Well, there are two reasons. One is to do with your health. If you don’t take the time to carry out this important step, you increase the risk of bacteria breeding in the jar and producing toxins that can cause dangerous conditions like botulism.
The second reason is about helping your homemade jams and pickles last longer. As the sterilising process helps to remove organisms, bacteria and yeast, they’re less likely to grow in your jars and ruin your tasty creations. Thoroughly sterilised jam jars give your jam the cleanest, most hygienic environment – so you can enjoy your delicious preserves for longer.
Rather than throwing them away, keeping and repurposing your empty jars and containers is a simple way to reduce household waste. Check out some more tips on living sustainability at home here.
Sterilising jars in the microwave
Sterilising jam jars in microwave ovens is straightforward and doesn’t take much time at all. Remember: you should never place any metallic parts in your microwave, so if you have jars with metal clasps that can’t be removed, you’ll want to try one of the other methods. If your jars are only made of glass, then you can simply carry out the following steps and your jars will be sterilised in a flash:
1. Remove any labels from the jar. Try soaking them in hot soapy water first if they’re tricky to remove.
2. Use soapy water to make sure that the jar is clean before sterilising. Take care to rinse off all the washing up liquid.
3. Place in the microwave (while still wet) and turn on ‘high’ (usually around 1,000 watts) for 30-45 seconds.
4. Place them upside-down on a piece of absorbent kitchen paper (like Plenty) to dry off.
Ideally, you could co-ordinate the timing of sterilising your jars with the jam being ready. It’s best to add the freshly made jam to your jars while they’re warm, as cold jars will shatter if you add hot jam to them.
While sterilising jars in microwave ovens works well, you can’t sterilise metallic lids in this way. Instead of using the old lids you can cover the top of the jars with wax or buy new lids to seal your jam. If you’re keen to reuse metallic lids you can use the dishwasher sterilising method below or follow our handy hack in the oven section next.
How to sterilise jars in the oven
Sterilising jam jars in the oven takes quite a bit longer than in a microwave, but it’s long been known as one of the best methods. You can get the prep done while your jam is simmering and by the time it’s cooked your jars will be ready. Just follow these simple steps:
1. Set the oven temperature to 130 C or 270 F – no higher, or you run the risk of the glass breaking.
2. Remove the jar labels (by soaking them off, if necessary).
3. Wash the jars with soapy water and rinse well. You don’t need to dry them.
4. Lay paper in double layers on your oven shelves and arrange the jars whilst wet on the shelves so that they aren’t touching.
5. Shut the oven and set a timer for 20 minutes.
6. Use an oven glove to remove the jars and stand them on a heatproof mat to cool enough that they’re safe to handle.
A quick word of caution here: never add hot jam to a cold jar or cold jam to a hot jar, as this can lead to cracking or, worse still, a jammy explosion.
Handy Tip: If your jars have rubber seals, remove them first and boil in water instead of placing them in the oven. It’s best not to dry rubber in hot air. You can also sterilise lids in a saucepan of boiling water for 20 minutes too, while the jars are sterilising in the oven.
Now you know how to sterilise jars in the oven and in the microwave, you’ve got two approaches for sterilising glass jars. But, we’ve got a third option up our sleeve – and it’s the simplest one.
How to sterilise jars in the dishwasher
Sterilising jam jars in the dishwasher is probably the easiest method and works well if you’ve got an extra hot setting on your machine. It’s also the only approach that lets you sterilise the metallic lids in the same way as the glass jars. Sterilising jars for jam making in this way is straightforward with the following steps:
1. Make sure the dishwasher is empty and clean.
2. Remove any labels from the jars (soaking them off if necessary).
3. Carefully place the empty jars and lids into your machine, ensuring they are secure.
4. Run the dishwasher on a cycle that coincides with your jam being ready.
5. Remove the jars one by one and pat dry using a sheet of Plenty MAX kitchen paper. Plenty MAX removes up to 99.9% of bacteria when wiping with just water, so you can be sure you’re jam jars will be super clean and sterile when you’ve finished drying them.
6. Fill the warm jars with jam and secure with the sterilised lids.
This works well with screw-top and clip-top jars. With clip-top jars it’s best to remove the rubber to make sure that part gets fully sterilised too. Whilst we’re on the topic of dishwashers, read our handy guide on , so you can have squeaky clean dishes.
How to seal jam jars
Once you have squeaky clean sterilised jam jars, you can skip to the fun part which is filling and preserving your jam, chutney etc! But, to do this you need to understand how to seal, and you’re in the right place. Follow our 3 easy steps and you’ll have delicious jam to enjoy in no time:
1. Once you have filled your jar with jam/chutney etc, cover the top with a waxed disc (wax side down) or a piece of parchment paper, whilst the jar is still hot. The wax disc/parchment paper should lie flat on the surface of your jam, to ensure no air gets trapped. This will prevent mould forming when storing.
2. Next, place the lid on the jar whilst the jam/chutney is still hot
3. Once closed, store in a cool dark place or in a fridge if you prefer
If your jar is tricky to open, add a bit of resistance by placing a strong piece of Plenty kitchen paper over the top of the lid – this should help it twist off more easily.
Now you know how to sterilise jars you can take your pick from these three easy methods. If you’re making a big batch and have a lot of jars to sterilise, get everyone in the house involved in a jam production line. There’ll be a safe role for each member of the team, as there are jobs that don’t involve dealing with direct heat. Whether you go for sterilising jam jars in microwave ovens, your kitchen oven or the dishwasher, each method will help ensure that your jam is safe to eat and longer-lasting too.
If you’re after some more helpful and clever cleaning tips, we’ve got something for everyone. From cleaning your cooker head and filter to grandparent approved kitchen towel tips, you’re sure to find something to help you clean up life’s messes. Here’s to a clean and sparkly home.